Meeting 6 - Meeting 6 Family in flux From arranged marriages to open relationships(Lecture Topic 7 Required readings Queering Relationships 45(2-4:61-86

Meeting 6 - Meeting 6 Family in flux From arranged...

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Meeting 6: Family in flux: From arranged marriages to open relationships (Lecture Topic 7) Required readings: Queering Relationships 45 (2-4):61-86 Lecture topic 7 Notes - From arranged marriages to open relationships Family as a social institution - Family: 2 or more people, related either by birth or through social commitment ( adoption, marriage, civil union, steadfast enduring relationships could establish kinship / family bonds ), who share resources, care for any dependents ( usually children, family members with disabilities, and elders ), & often maintain close emotional relationships - Kinship: the bonds of family relationships - Families varies enormously because they are social constructions that reflect the norms & beliefs of different cultures at different time - Family could be formed by different types of marriage arrangements & forms ( e.g. include caregivers with children or elders as dependents // solely an adult couple // live together // extend beyond a single household ) +ve social functions perceived by functionalists: +ve social functions Explanation Social Stability - Micro level: family relationships create social bond between individuals & relatives - Macro level: create intricate social network that include extended family & multiple generations - These social networks are the source of social stability in preindustrial societies as they promote solidarity (e.g. marriage serve as political alliance between separate kinship networks for common defence & shared prosperity) - Families with religion help by enhancing disciplinary virtues from religious living - Family cohesiveness & moral strengthening helps social protection Material Aids - unpaid labour in the home contributes to the family’s maintenance & well-being - Polling resources is a common feature of families - Power within the family often resides with those in control of the resources - For providing basic necessities of life Descent & Inheritance - Descent: way people trace kinship over multiple generations - Modern society, descent is bilateral (traces through bother mother & father, instead of patrilineal or matrilineal) - Inheritance: the rules regarding the reallocation of property within a family after someone dies - Family serves as the primary agent for inheritance of property & other wealth, it is central to the reproduction of class in society - E.g. if heritage favours male heirs, contributes to gender inequality
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Care & socialisation of dependents - care for a variety of dependents - Socialise them in particular values & beliefs (e.g. gender roles, morality, religion) - Care cater to physical & emotional health Sexual regulation - Marriage legitimated a sexual partnership in some societies - Incest taboos prohibit sex with certain family members - Strict prohibitions against sex between unmarried couples - Unorthodox relationships (e.g. incestuos relationships) Emotional Support - Assist one another out of a sense of mutual responsibility, commitment, & concern - Impact a child’s feelings of inclusion and belonging in the school campus (according to certain research) -
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