017766259 technology and social change.docx - Running head TECHNOLOGY AND SOCIAL CHANGE Technology and Social Change Student’s Name Institutional

017766259 technology and social change.docx - Running head...

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Running head: TECHNOLOGY AND SOCIAL CHANGE 1 Technology and Social Change Student’s Name Institutional Affiliation
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TECHNOLOGY AND SOCIAL CHANGE 2 Abstract The study seeks to examine the relationship between technology and social changes. The study uses Veblen’s theory as the primary theory though it also highlights other sociologists who have also contributed to the same phenomenon. Veblen’s theory was chosen as the primary theory because it asserts technology as the primary variable of technology. The data used is based on Veblen’s writings. The approach used to tackle this phenomenon is through reviewing studies and works done with regards to technology and social changes. The paper also cites DeFleur’s work since in her study she has a wide view on technology and social change. Some of the issues that emerge includes technology as a major variable with regards to social changes, differences among sociologists with regard to the primacy of technology, most of the researchers also tend to ignore the impact of technology on sex. Most of the works are individualistic, therefore, fail to tackle the phenomenon on a wide angle. This informs my suggestions on the future of technology and social changes. There is a need to redefine the sociological framework and the discipline as a whole to predict the future and also to be at par with the contemporary technologies.
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TECHNOLOGY AND SOCIAL CHANGE 3 Technology and Social Change Introduction Social change refers to changes that occur in human interrelations and interactions. Society can be described as a web comprising social relationships. Therefore, social change means a change in the social relationships system. Auguste Comte who is regarded as the father of sociology, in his study put more emphasis on social change. In his theory, societal evolution is based on three stages; theological, metaphysical and positivist stages. He viewed social change as a process of progressive evolution, where people become more intelligent, and altruism takes over egoism (Comte 1975). Technology has been regarded as an essential element in the modern life. It transcends local boundaries that impacts the lives of everyone. The evolution of mankind has also been seen in terms of technological evolution. The invention of fire and the wheel transformed the face of mankind. Various historical epochs such as hunters and gatherers, industrialist societies and agrarian societies are distinguished through technological advancement. Technological factors showcase the conditions established by mankind and have a profound influence on his way of life. Technology can also be asserted to be a product of civilization. According to Karl Max, the formation of mental conceptions, social relations, and attitudes are dependent on technology. According to Veblen, he explained technology as the sole reason for social change. Ogburn and Duncan (1964), asserted that technology changes society by changing the environments to which man adapts. The changes created are usually in the material environment, and the adjustment that is made with these changes often modifies social institutions and customs.
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