Kas1Reviewer3.pdf - Sultanato form of barangay in Mindanao specifically for Muslims ISLAM Peace Submission to one god Second biggest world

Kas1Reviewer3.pdf - Sultanato form of barangay in Mindanao...

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Sultanato - form of barangay in Mindanao; specifically for Muslims ISLAM - Peace - Submission to one god - Second biggest world religion (Indonesia: most Muslims) - MUSLIM : individual believer - UMMAH : community of believers - Divided into Sunni Muslims and Shia Muslims - MOHAMMED/MUHAMMAD - 25th prophet; founder of Islam in Mecca 1. Sunni - Abu Bakr (successor; father-in-law of Mohammed) 2. Shia - Ali (believed to be the chosen successor of Mohammed) - Iran - S-l-m : means peace - Islam - MONOTHEISTIC (before Islam, Mecca was polytheistic) - ABRAHAMIC (Ibrahim - prophet) - 610 AD - Angel Jibril visited Mohammed Quran - holy scripture (from Allah) Hadith - teachings of Mohammed - Caliphs: successors of Mohammed - Sharia Law - based on Quran; union of religion and state; criticized as primitive - Before 622 AD - “jahiliyyah” : age of ignorance - 622 AD - “hijra” : migration of Mohammed and followers from Mecca to Medina (Yathrib); propagation of Islam; creation of Ummah Al-Arkan-Al-Islam: 5 Pillars of Islam 1. Shahada “Two testimonials” conversion/baptism 2. Salah “Worship” 5 times a day (originally 50 times a day; MIRAJ ) Fajr, Zuhr, Asr, Maghrib,Isha Prayer while facing Mecca - Al Masjid Al Haram (the great Mosque) Kaaba - black stone of Allah Cleansing before prayer Ghusl - full bath after sex, menstruation, sin Wudu - partial bath Tayammum - sand 3. Saum “Fasting” Ramadan : 9th month of Hijri Eid al Fitr - end of Saum No pleasure in any form Time to reconcile with Allah Exempted: 7 yrs and below, pregnant, sick, travellers ( fidyah : offer food) 4. Zakath “Charity”; “Almsgiving” Equality Religious tax (2.5% of income, not always in the form of money) 5. Hajj “Pilgrimage” Mecca (12th Month - Dhual Hijjah) Not obligatory “Stoning of the devil” Hajji : honorific of males Hajjah : honorific of females
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ISLAM IN THE PHILIPPINES - MINDANAO - From SEA, 13th century: Merchants and traders - 1280 : Tuan Mashaika brought Islam to the Philippines - 1380 : Karim-ul Makdhum - people were easily converted; little resistance - 1405 : 1. Sulu Sultanate Sharif ul-Hashim -> Sayyid Abu Bakr (sultan of
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