Chapter 6 Sample Qs w Answers.docx - BIO-165 Chapter 6 Sample Questions Matching Match each term with the correct description 1 ossification 7 spongy 13

Chapter 6 Sample Qs w Answers.docx - BIO-165 Chapter 6...

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BIO-165 Chapter 6 Sample Questions Matching : Match each term with the correct description. 1. ___ ossification 2. ___ endochondral 3. ___ fracture 4. ___ epiphyseal plate 5. ___ osteon 6. ___ compact 7. ___ spongy 8. ___ epiphysis 9. ___ articular cartilage 10. ___ diaphysis 11. ___ periosteum 12. ___ intramembranous 13. ___ osteoporosis 14. ___ metaphysis 15. ___ hydroxyapatite 16. ___ bone remodeling 17. ___ medullary cavity 18. ___ endosteum A. Hard mineral, containing calcium and phosphorus, that makes up much of the extracellular matrix of the bone. B. Shaft of a long bone. C. Ongoing replacement of old bone tissue by new bone tissue. D. Hyaline cartilage that covers the epiphyses of a long bone. E. Formation of bone tissue. F. Bone that is formed as a cartilage model is replaced by bone. G. Bone that forms from membrane-like layers of connective tissue. H. In compact bone, a cylinder-shaped unit of extracellular matrix and bone cells surrounding a central canal. I. Dense bone tissue of the outer parts of bones, organized in osteons. J. A tough layer of vascular connective tissue that covers the diaphysis of a long bone. K. Expanded ends of long bones that form joints with adjacent bones. L. Less dense bone of the inner parts of bones, consisting of tiny branching plates separated by irregular spaces. M. A layer of cartilage between the epiphysis and diaphysis of a long bone where a growing bone increases in length. N. A break in a bone. O. Region of long bone between the diaphysis and the epiphysis. P. Loss of bone mass, causing bones to become brittle and fragile, typically due to hormonal changes or deficiency of calcium or vitamin D. Q. Thin membrane lining the medullary cavity. R. Hollow space within the diaphysis. Matching : Match each type of bone cell with the correct description: 19. Osteogenic cells 20. Osteoblasts 21. Osteocytes 22. Osteoclasts A. Bone cells that break down bones and cause them to release calcium.
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