notes cmy.docx - Victim empowerment is an approach adopted by the South African government to ensure easy access by all victims of trauma violence and

notes cmy.docx - Victim empowerment is an approach adopted...

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Victim empowerment is an approach adopted by the South African government to ensure easy access by all victims of trauma, violence and crime, national disaster, human accident, and socio-economic conditions to a range of services at the national, provincial and local levels. It aims to make the victim “ a key player in the Criminal Justice System” Its objectives are as follows: o To provide restorative justice by promoting a victim –centred approach to criminal justice. The focus is on serving the needs of the victim and reconciling the victim and perpetrator. The goal is to create a victim –friendly criminal justice by reducing victimization, even from the service providers, empowering the victims and improving service standards in the Criminal justice System. o To help victims to use various services, provided by different departments and organisations, to receive assistance after exposure to violence and crime. o To help victims build their own capacity and support networks to deal with violence and crime prevalent in their communities. o To encourage victims to act on the basis of their own choices in handling violent encounters in their lives. o To assist victims to take control of their own lives and situations by having a say, being listened to, being recognised, and respected as individuals and having their choices respected by others, including the service providers. o To restore the victim’s loss or damage that has been caused by the crime or violence, to a state that is as close to the initial state in which the individual was before as possible. o To help victims to learn and grow from the violent experience encountered. o To assist victims to grow into being survivors of the violent experiences encountered. The mental health model and public health model (similarity and difference) Mental health model is in line with the scientific approach of the public health model with regard to its conceptualization of diseases and focus on the three levels of prevention.
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