Lecture 10.docx - Lecture 10 Ruth Schwartz Cowan Late 1800s advent of electricity Before 1860 almost all families did their household work in a manner

Lecture 10.docx - Lecture 10 Ruth Schwartz Cowan Late 1800s...

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Lecture 10: Ruth Schwartz Cowan Late 1800s , advent of electricity Before 1860 almost all families did their household work in a manner that their forebears could have imitated After 1960 there were just a few families (and those either because they were very poor or very isolated or ideologically committed to agrarianism) who were not leaving in industrialized homes and pursuing industrialized forms of labor within them Schwartz Cowan bases her work on the distinction between the public and private realms and focuses on the latter Her focus is on what she calls the "industrialization of the home" Implicitly (and sometimes explicitly) we are given the impression that industrialization occurred outside the four walls of home The popular imagination goes one step further; industrialization is conceived as being not just outside the home but virtually in opposition to it A second Industrial Revolution Key differences between the public IR and private IR o Paid vs unpaid labor o Transformation of labor Heirarchical management vs self directed o How we manage people and the jobs those people do o Being told what to do by bosses vs self-made decisions o Group vs isolation o Specific vs general At the factory, specialized task (specific) vs doing everything yourself at home, unique tasks you know how to do And some similarities… o Modern housework Depends on nonhuman energy sources Electricity, gas, hydro o
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