Chapter 25 & 26.docx - Chapter 25 26 Chapter 25 The Coming...

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Chapter 25 & 26 Chapter 25 The Coming of the Great Depression Causes of Depression Causes of the crash Lack of diversification Maldistribution of wealth Credit structure American’s position on international trade International debt structure Decrease in export because banks loans $ to other countries and invested to the stock market) The American People in Hard Times Unemployment and Relief American’s belief= every indi=responsible for hi/her own fate,that unemployment and poverty were signs of personal failure Public relief systems helped some ppl but couldn't help all Great Plains of the South and WEst= Dust Bowl areas→ decline in rainfall, drought Black blizzard swept across the plains,blotting out the sun and suffocating livestocks → many families moved to California A.A ad the Depression Scottsboro Case 9 black teenagers were taken off a freight train and arrested for vagrancy and disorder → later two white woman accused them of rape even though evidence showed no sign of it, nevertheless, they were all convicted of the crime. In 1922, Supreme court overturned the convictions and a series of new trials began Mexican Americans in Depression America Chicanos(Mexican Americans) filled many of the menial jobs --. Anglo- Americans demanded jobs held by Hispanics → increase Mexican unemployment rate. Discrimination against Hispanics Most relief programs excluded Mexicans Had no access to American schools Many hospitals refused them admission Asian Americans in Hard Times Japanese American Democratic Clubs worked for laws protecting racial and ethnic minorities and discrimination Chinese Americans continued to work in Chinese-owned laundries and restaurants The Depression and American Culture Depression Values How to Win Friends and Influence People by Dale Carnegie- ppl responded eagerly that
they could restore themselves to prosperity and success through self -help Radio Provided Americans with their first direct access to important public events, and radio news and sports divisions grew rapidly The Popular Front and the Left Literature adopted a more optimistic approach to society → rise of the Popular Front = a harsh and unrelenting critic of AMerican capitalism and the govt. Praised the New Deal and John L. Lewis & adopted the slogan “Communism is the 20th century Americanism” The Socialist Party of America (Norman Thomas) - cited the economic crisis as evidence of the failure of capitalism. The Ordeal of Herbert Hoover The Hoover Program Adopted a program of voluntary cooperation for recovery-implored businessmen not to cut production or lay off workers & asked labor leaders to forgo demands for higher wages or better hrs.

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