12-7-06 - 1 Summer of 1940 a 1 yr of war in euro and 4 yrs...

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12-7-06 1) Summer of 1940 a) 1 yr of war in euro and 4 yrs of war in asia, nobody knew if FDR was going to run for a third time for prez b) june 1940-hitler invades low countries, FDR changes his mind, England stands alone, FDR convinced US would enter the war and a new prez would be dangerous bc we would be entering the war one way or another, he decided that he had to run for a third term craftily. He told the dem party that he had no interest in running for third term, he had his campaign ppl broadcast over the loudspeaker “4 more years” for FDR, they voted unamiously to nominate him, he wanted it to look like the county wanted him to run not him taking the third term c) Republicans-felt that they needed to take a stance against Hitler, FDR pushed to further defense industry sometimes with congress approval sometimes with presidential orders, unemployment dropped to 1929 levels, FDR promised that US soldiers wouldn’t be sent to a forgein war-he knew that this wasn’t true. He knew that the US would have to be forced into the war. d) 1940 election i) both believed in a more active US leadership which required standing army and militarization. Mobilization of country for war-biggest change in history in 1940 at beginning of 1940 army ranked 17 th in the world in fire power, had a smaller army smaller than many smaller countries, had been the leading economic and financial power before 1940. effort to get agricultural goods to world market led to railroads, 2 nd industrial revolution, cheaper food worldwide to the point where other farmers couldn’t compete. Became the leading industrial power, most countries underestimated the power of US. ii) Other countries thought that because they had better military power. Japan knew in 1940 that in the long haul they couldn’t take US if we put all our efforts towards a war but they assumed that a quick attack on american interests could roll up 6 months of victories that would lead to negotiations rather than war. They assumed that war would be over before 1942, Hitler also shared contempt for US military power. He accepted stereotypes, thought they were only interested in money, racial mongrels, no hard work discipline, Americans he though would prefer negotiations In order to have access to new unified Hitler economic system, he thought this all the way up till 1945, given these presumptions something like pearl harbor was inevitable. Considering
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