Universal Values2Universal ValuesCulture is defined by most as the way of life. It is the “why” to the way they do things. It is the reason they are the way they are. In most cases, this can be a good thing. But in some, it is used as the excuse to why something happened: “That’s the way I was raised.” Culture is how someone is brought from the beginning of their life and up to the point where they can make their own decision on which part of that culture they want to continue with. Anthropologists Kluckhohn and Strodtbeck had a theory that it would be possible to identify a specific type of culture by asking simple questions based on what was believed about a few different orientations. For example, “How should we think about time?” Some people would say, “We should learn from the past.” Some would disagree and say, “We should look to the future and set and reach our goals.” No matter the answers, Kluckhohn and Strodtbeck believed that specific combinations of the answers would help define their culture, and ultimately, define the culture ofa specific type of people in its entirety. The following are six of the value orientations proposed by Kluckhohn & Strodtbeck. Human NatureKluckhohn & Strodtbeck believed one of the factors in testing culture types was to ask about humanity. Specifically, what is the nature of humanity? The responses could possibly be one of three things: Evil – most people are typically bad, Good – most people are basically good,and Mixed – there are good and bad people in the world, most can be negatively or positively influenced.