124 midterm - Ben Gammon History 124A midterm 1 The...

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Ben Gammon 10/26/06 History 124A midterm 1. The Democrats wanted to lower tariffs because they were supported by industries with low wages and conservative technology, the biggest being the textile industry. They also supported the tariff because they believed in more stable and slow growth. They opposed the cultural issue of government power pushing forward religious ideas like prohibition. They felt that any intrusion of religion into government would lead to tyranny; they were supported by Irish and Germen Catholics. The Republicans wanted high tariffs because they wanted to keep wages high also one of their main supporters, the steel industry needed it to compete with cheap British products and because it was the main income for the national government. They supported prohibition as part of a wider push for Anglo Protestant oriented laws which also included English only laws, Sabbath laws and a general belief that morals were a national matter. 2. Membership for the Knights of Labor was open to all people that were part of the working class. They wanted a new social order and felt that the cooperation between the it’s members would be the basis for it. It was a secret organization because the courts had ruled that unions were illegal. Their focus was to eliminate ethnic rivalry. Membership for the American Federation of Labor was limited to was limited to skilled workers, they excluded blacks and women because they could be replaced too easily. The founder felt that there should be high dues for it’s members because it would create more loyalty. They felt that money was concentrated and would continue to concentrate, that essentially a permanent proletariat had formed and thus they only fought for attainable goals.
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