1-23 - 1-23 1 Two themes from last week a Americans were...

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1-23 1) Two themes from last week a) Americans were told to feel for the loss to the Russians b) Bottom up sense of the people- integrating soliders 2) Work and daily life a) Identity is geographically related, context specific. b) Group and individual identity c) Afforded new identities for different groups i) Labor was now needed in factories rather than just farm, or moving up the labor ladder, also excluded them, there was a duality. ii) Assimilation and exclusion d) Economic growth and disparity i) Diff f other countries, no distruction to industry, gov spending 1940- spending highest ever $9 billion, more than the cost of the New Deal actions in their entirety. 45-spending $100 billion a year. U.S. owned half the manufacturing capacity of the entire world, emerged an economic superpower. War favored large companies, simpilar for gov to work with big companies, 10 largest companies got 33% of all war contracts. Largest 50 got 75% ii) Economic hubs-detriot got 11$ in war contracts, Oakland, LA, Chicago iii) The west-got $40 bill in war contracts, CA received 10% of all war contract dollars e) Internal movement i) 1/8 americans moved during the war. 1.6 million left the south. Blacks were 2/3 of the out migration. ii) Propaganda-“don’t be a job hopper” (1) “take care, idle hands work for Hitler” (2) industrial accidents are comparable to actual deaths in war @ 300,000 (3) wage and price freeze of 1942 (a) inflation of wages-big companies would pay more to get more workers so they could produce more to get bigger contracts f gov (b) gov doesn’t price inflation either (c) office of price administration-OPA-price rationed everything (i) propaganda-“don’t feed black market greed” (ii) informal policing of ceiling prices by house wives, 1/3 americans admitted buying something on the black market-mostly for special occasions-coined the term “white collar crime”
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