2-1 - 2-1 1 The cold war a Encompassing nuances i Some...

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2-1 1) The cold war a) Encompassing nuances i) Some people felt that the US should make a preemptive strike against USSR, especially while we had a monopoly on the bomb ii) The prof puts the start of the cold war in 47. that was the last presidential election in which the cold war wasn’t the first fact of american politics. It is the reigning policy. iii) Geographic nuances (1) The degree of soviet control in countries around the world. The US didn’t distinguish bt communist and soviet during the cold war. (2) American policy makers viewed their role diff in Europe and elsewhere iv) Appreciate the influence of domestic policy, congress and the US political tradition. There was no rush to embrace a rivalry with the USSR. The US didn’t have a history of having a strong world influence. v) At the end of WWII, the US depended on their nuke threat in western Europe. By 46 the US only had 400,000 in Europe where as USSR had 6 million. vi) Acheson-“we have to make our case clearer than truth”, they find that the policy of fear jumps out of their control. b) Themes i) Who was the rightful heir of government after the people had thrown off the shackles of monarchy during the French revolution ii) c) Origins i) 3 schools of thought (1) conservative-the Russians acted and the Americans reluctantly but heroically reacted. 1950-59-the conservative school was reigning orthodoxy. Can make their strongest case bt 48-49 (2) revisionist/new left school-argues that the cold war was avoidable. The US made decisions that brought it about. That the burden of action/blame falls upon the US. Vietnam war reinforces this school of idea. Reigns dominant by US historians today. Make their strongest case from 45-46 (3) Liberal/realist school-after the wake of the new left. Says that there are several failures of state craft, blunders or bad decisions. Decisions of intent belong to Russia. A sense that the cold war was inevitable. In the first 2 schools have a presumption that the cold war was preventable. The
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