first essay - Ben Gammon 2-14-07 History 124B...

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Ben Gammon 2-14-07 History 124B Transformation of U.S. State Power The Second World War was a continuation of an escalating increase of executive branch control over stat issues. The trust given to the six wise men enabled them to accomplish much through their intimacy with one another and others. Between World War II and 1954, the United State saw a dramatic change in domestic and international policy and priorities. The intimate relations and implicit trust among the elites, executive branch and media as shown in the Wise Men, allowed for them to have a major influence on collective sentiment, congress and public at large, to together determine United States domestic and international policy and concerns during the early years of the Cold War. The role of the United States during the Cold War was destined by how those in power utilizing the already had. Before the war the U.S. was already the leading economic and industrial power, all that was needed was the military means and political will. This change occurred in large part because of the efforts by the elites. In 1940 Acheson assisted in drafting the legal justifications for the Lend Lease program and then had it published in full in the New York Times . Next, as an advisor to the White House, Acheson recommended “a rousing speech tying America’s ideals at home to the survival of those ideals around the globe.”(p 186) Acheson’s actions, with McCloy’s contribution of the phrase “arsenal for democracy” shifted public opinion away from isolationism even before the U.S. had entered the war. Meanwhile, Lovett, in the War Department focused America’s industrial might on war production to the point that it was churning
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out a plane every eight minutes. U.S. businesses were consolidated to the point that by 1945 400 companies controlled seventy percent of production, indeed trust was instilled in the men who change the face of American business. America would exit the war with a monopoly on the atom bomb, the only unhampered major industrial centers and a major slice of the world’s finances. “among Lovett’s closest friends were…Charles Merz, editorial director of the New York Times and Henry Luce of Time.”(p 193) Thus the executive branch was able to influence the collective isolationist sentiment from means inside and out of the government. By the end of the war America had the military capacity and a seedling of political will to alter its domestic policy towards being a Pax-
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This note was uploaded on 04/01/2008 for the course HISTORY 124, 124b, taught by Professor Smith, during the Fall '06 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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first essay - Ben Gammon 2-14-07 History 124B...

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