This article was downloaded by: [184.108.40.206]On: 08 November 2014, At: 09:29Publisher: RoutledgeInforma Ltd Registered in England and Wales Registered Number: 1072954 Registered office:Mortimer House, 37-41 Mortimer Street, London W1T 3JH, UKThird World QuarterlyPublication details, including instructions for authors and subscriptioninformation:Contested Identities: gendered politics,gendered religion in PakistanFarida Shaheed aaShirkat Gah—Women's Resource Centre , 68 Tipu Block, New Garden Town,Lahore, 54600, PakistanPublished online: 15 Sep 2010.To cite this article:Farida Shaheed (2010) Contested Identities: gendered politics, gendered religion inPakistan, Third World Quarterly, 31:6, 851-867, DOI: 10.1080/01436597.2010.502710To link to this article: PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLETaylor & Francis makes every effort to ensure the accuracy of all the information (the “Content”)contained in the publications on our platform. However, Taylor & Francis, our agents, and ourlicensors make no representations or warranties whatsoever as to the accuracy, completeness, orsuitability for any purpose of the Content. Any opinions and views expressed in this publication arethe opinions and views of the authors, and are not the views of or endorsed by Taylor & Francis.The accuracy of the Content should not be relied upon and should be independently verified withprimary sources of information. Taylor and Francis shall not be liable for any losses, actions, claims,proceedings, demands, costs, expenses, damages, and other liabilities whatsoever or howsoevercaused arising directly or indirectly in connection with, in relation to or arising out of the use of theContent.This article may be used for research, teaching, and private study purposes. Any substantialor systematic reproduction, redistribution, reselling, loan, sub-licensing, systematic supply, ordistribution in any form to anyone is expressly forbidden. Terms & Conditions of access and use canbe found at
Contested Identities: genderedpolitics, gendered religion in PakistanFARIDA SHAHEEDABSTRACTIn Pakistan, the self-serving use of Islam by more secular elementsalongside politico-religious ones facilitated the latter’s increasing inﬂuence andthe conﬂation and intricate interweaving of Islam and Pakistani nationhood. Aparadigm shift under Zia’s martial law revamped society as much as state laws,producing both religiously defined militias and aligned civil society groups.Examining the impact on women of fusing religion and politics, this paperargues that women become symbolic markers of appropriated territory in thepursuit of state power, and that the impact of such fusing, different fordifferently situated women, needs to be gauged in societal terms as well as interms of state dynamics. Questioning the positing of civil society as a self-evident progressive desideratum, the paper concludes that gender equalityprojectsseekingreconfigurationsofpowercannotbeeffectivewithoutvigorously competing in the creation of knowledge, culture and identity.