GOVEXAM1stgd - Political equality In a democratic society all individual preferences are given equal weight Significance Can be thought of as an

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Political equality : In a democratic society, all individual preferences are given equal weight Significance: Can be thought of as an interpretive argument. The ideal state is where each individual regardless of social status gets equal grounding for votes. Implication: Equality under the law Economic equality: Each individual should receive the same amount of material goods regardless of how much one contributes to society Significance: Thought about as an interpretive argument. Very controversial, it goes against democratic theory because it is a coercive government policy. In reality, people that have money have more influential campaigns. Governments tend to favor the rich people For example, election campaigns, and expensive attorneys. This leads to upper class bias. Implication: In a democratic society, it is difficult to balance political equality and economic equality, mostly because uneven number of resources. Direct Democracy – The Citizens are principal participants in making government decisions. Significance: The United States utilizes a representative democracy not a direct democracy. We elect our leaders to represent our issues. It is impractical to have all citizens participating in government decisions because there are too many people, and too many diverse issues. A direct democracy has a tendency to lean towards a “tyranny of the majority” false consensus (book) Americans by large believe that most people agree on most issues. Indeed, a recent study confirms that most citizens tend to believe their views are shared by a majority of others. False consensus is view as the tendency of people to believe their views are "normal" or "common sense" and therefore shared by most people. This issue creates a challenge and even a danger to democratic decision making. If most people believe their views represent the majority, and the government fails to adopt that position, people are likely to believe that the political system is not working. (lecture) What appears to be unreasonable to ones is unreasonable to others. What some politicians think, they think is the only opinion and everybody agree with them. shays rebellion (book) Shay's rebellion was the outbreak of an armed revolt by farmers in Western Massachusetts from 1786 to 1787 who were resisting state efforts to seize their properties
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for failure to pay taxes and debts. It was named for its leader Daniel Shays. This incident was one of the events that pushed Congress to called on the states to send delegates to a convention in Philadelphia to revise the Articles of Confederation. (extra) the other event was the meeting at Annapolis, Maryland, convened to discuss problems of interstate trade and the possibility of adopting a uniform system of commercial regulations. (lecture) It's a causal argument.
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This note was uploaded on 04/01/2008 for the course GOV 310L taught by Professor Kieth during the Spring '07 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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GOVEXAM1stgd - Political equality In a democratic society all individual preferences are given equal weight Significance Can be thought of as an

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