Course code: LADHSSA Semester: Year Student number: 59433728 Assignment: 1 Unique assignment number: 835602 Question 1 Historical evidenceis more to do with regards to how one would construct the picture of the past, they are only able to do this thanks to the sources they can acquire in forms of anything from the past that has survived and can relay a message/evidence to us. Therefore, we say a source only becomes evidence until such time that it is able to answer a question about the past we may have. For example, using a source in the form of a photo with racial hate speech graphitised on a wall will become evidence to us when we study the past apartheid struggles from the period when that photo was taken. Primary sourcesare sources which were produced at the initial time of the event and are dated to when the event first took place or start of the event. They are justified by what people first saw, heard or created at that specific time –therefore we categorize them into either records or relics. We often need to ask certain questions about the records and relics. For example, should we find a shipwreck and it contains a plate/pottery (relic) we need try and ask how reliable it is and is the evidence it gives us typical? If on the other hand, we were to find a book in a tomb of an ancient king we would say the book is a record and with that we need to ask ourselves the question of who wrote it? In essence anything really that comes from the time in form of oral, written, physical, etc. is regarded as evidence and will not be overlooked. Modern day sciences allow for the study of all forms of evidence via palaeontologists, calligraphists, epigraphists, linguists, numismatists, etc. to view and study then determine the effectiveness and validity of using that primary source as evidence from the period in question. Secondary sourcesare developed from the intensive study of primary sources and are used mainly by learners and facilitators who have an interest in the primary sources but don’t always have the time nor resources to study the primary sources solely. Thus they rely heavily on the data obtained and written in books for example that often contain lots of pictures to study as a secondary source. Textbooks in the classroom are prime examples of tertiary sources obtained mostly from secondary sources in a scissor and paste fashion. It is sometimes difficult to differentiate a primary source from a secondary source unless plenty of information about when, where, why, how the primary source originated. To asses a secondary source one would ask what sources have been used to produce it? Are the historians sources typical? And is the historian biased in any way? The job of the historian is to convert raw material from a primary source into a secondary source such as the finished historical product. Sometimes a historian will go in reverse and study a secondary source to gain greater insight into what they need to search for when obtaining primary resources.