Midterm Study Guide - u2022 The economy and its...

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• The economy and its merchants (Wealth)• Culture and its sages (Wisdom)• Politics and its soldiers (Weapons)• Society and its workers (Work)• Nature and the environment (WeatherLegitimacyOttoman Empire-Sultans describe themselves as the “shadow of God”-claimed to be caretakers of Islamic faith-religiously tolerant China-mandate of heaven: the idea that there could be only one legitimate ruler of China at a time, and that this ruler had the blessing of the godsUpward MobilityNatal AlienationOttoman Empire (1200s - 1900s)-Devisme, tax on Christian subjects-natal alienation can be the path to upward mobilityZheng He (1400s)-Muslim, Ming had captured as a boy-commanded the world’s greatest armada-this expedition was to seek control of trade and tributeInternal MomentumMing Dynasty, 1371-banned maritime commerce-suspicious of maritime commercedifferent values - internal momentum in different directions 400 BCSparta - soldiersCorinth - merchantsAthens - sages
Tokugawa Japan-realize christians are not tolerant of other religions-restricts European trade-still traded with china and koreaa.Tokugawa Shogunate -- Political Unification of Japan i.Battle of Sekighara (1600) Meiji Restoration (1867) ii.Shogun = military commander representing 1192-1867b.Society/Popular Culturei.Merchant Prosperity → population growth, Ihara Saikakuc.Cultural Policyi.Who are we? What can we learn?ii.3 Paths to enlightenment:1.Neo-confucianism: official state creed 2.Rangaku: Dutch learning, shogunate lifts ban on foreign works3.Kokagaku: “Native learning”a.Shinto: native, action based, pantheistic reCreole ElitesCreole- people born in the AmericasPeninsulares- men and women born in Spain or Portugal but live in the AmericasCreole Elites1. Peninsulars: Spaniards born in Spain2. Criollos: Spaniards born in Latin America3. Mestizos: Mixed European/Amerindians4. Africans: American Born Africans5. Amerindians Imperial RivalriesProselytizing MonotheismIslam-spread through commercial networks

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