Test 2 wildlife.docx - ENV 1303 Test 2, Review Fall 2019...

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ENV 1303 Test 2, ReviewFall 2019Chapter 5:Animal BehaviorEthology:study of animal behaviorHabitat selection:the selection of appropriate habitat to enable survival andreproductionCourtship behavior:vocalization, drummings, whistling of feathers, postures,plumage patterns and colorsPhotoperiod:day lengthTerritory:smaller, not shared, not for food, defended, only family usesHome range:larger, can be shared, normal activities (resting, foraging, wateringareas), not usually defended, several families can use itSexual dimorphism:differences in physical characteristics between males andfemales of the same speciesCircadian rhythms:“approximately 1 day” activities of animals that show a regularpattern that occurs about every 24 hours, feed at certain times of the day/nightDispersal (2 types):Innate: young leave the home rangeEnvironmental:stress causes individual to leave (due to decreased food, shelter,space)Imprinting:a very brief time during an animal’s early life; moms can also imprinton the youngParental care:older does have smaller territories with more resources, whichdecreases predation, mom defends territories against the other speciesMigration:regular movements to and from breeding areas; Altitudinal (up/downmountains); Latitudinal (pole to pole)1.What is it important to understand how an animal selects habitat?2.Describe the conflicting requirements of food and shelter for deer during winter.
3.What are some of the reasons birds and other animals vocalize? Be familiar with thecase study of the black and mallard ducks.

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Term
Spring
Professor
HEIDIMARCUM

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