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Review:50 questions, word banks, matching, true/falseVery early ChristianityoFirst Jewish- then includes gentilesCatechetical: the two-waysCatechumen: the one who is learning, before you get baptizedBasic definition: it teaches you, the way of life and death- two waysWorshipexperience with jesus, tell people and convince them that jesus is the salvationprior to thoughtful reflectionworships him but then is confused about it being a monotheistic religion, andthen reflect upon the worship to see if they can worship a single personJesusBaptism and Eucharist (communion)- two main components of worshipoHellenizationPhilosophyPlato (Platonism):oBeing and becoming (what is perfect cannot change)oWorld of forms (not the total rejection of the material)oTwo worlds: immortality and preexistence of the souloKnowledge as reminiscenceoIdea of the goodPerfection can’t change, believes in perfection but it is somewhere elseoMost important philosopher for early ChristianityStoicismohow would you describe a stoic person?no response emotionally, very serioussecond most important group of people in early Christianityothey believed that philosophy as a way of lifeethics is very important to themmasters of their physical body (won’t react to anything, fire, snow, rain, etc.)osages- wise stoicsrejected emotions such as fear or envy (or even passionate love)immune to misfortune (nothing can disturb the virtuous sage)oLogos- wordidea that the cosmos is rationally orderednatural laws govern the worldestablished by the rational principleocult of the emperor- (emperor’s cult)ogeneric idea that the emperor was god or the gods are working through the emperor;you have to pay religious worship to the emperor or offeringssubmit to the authoritycentral question for Christians- are they allowed to do that, etc.oExternal attacks(Conflict with Greco-Roman culture)mostly gentiles made up christianityoutcasts (untouchables)- people with nothing left tolose, the poor and outcasts are essential to early christianityno legitimate wealth orpolitical power til the late 300sno legal statusno violent powergenerically amongst thepoorit was marked by threats outside the community and threats from insidemartyr=witnessthe early churches were established by the apostlesin the generations after the apostles the question of authority because a more prominentissuein early christianity bishops were the main guys in the church, and they educatedchristians, and were the leader of the churchapostolic fathers:addressed writing to other christiansgenerally concerned with thenature of jesus and christian unity (false teachings)these writings give a picture of earlyChristian communityAccusations:Christians focused less on responding to ‘pagan’ accusations and training for martyrdom- now they

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Term
Fall
Professor
NoProfessor
Tags
Christianity, Christology, Trinity, God in Christianity, First Council of Nicaea, Justin Martyr Tertullian

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