heritage notes.docx - Christian Heritage September 4th...

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Christian Heritage September 4thPlato:being and becoming (what is perfect cannot change)world of forms (not the total rejection of the material)two worlds:immortality and preexistence of the soulknowledge as reminiscenceidea of the good : perfection cant change, believes in perfection but it is somewhere elsemost important philosopher for early christianityAristotle: 384-322 B.C.Estopped being important in the greco-roman world but popular during medieval periodbiologist, father of scientific methodstutor to alexander ‘the great’emphasis on virtues and vicesEpicureanism:Epicurus (341-270 B.C.E)eat, drink and be happymotto and saying do whatever you want because you don’t knowwhen you’ll dieintense moderation- do not do something crazy cause maybe you’lldie• materialiststhe goal of human life (happiness, resulting from absence of physical pain and mentaldisturbance)empiricist theory of knowledge (sensations, together with the perception of pleasure andpain, are infallible criteria)
Stoicism:how would you describe a stoic person?no response emotionally, very serioussecondmost important group of people in early christianitythey believed that philosophy as a way of lifeethics is very important to themmasters oftheir physical body (won’t react to anything, fire, snow, rain, etc.)sages- wise stoicsrejected emotions such as fear or envy (or even passionate love)immune to misfortune (nothing can disturb the virtuous sage)Logos- wordidea that the cosmos is rationally orderednatural laws govern the worldestablished by the rational principlecult of the emperor- (emperor’s cult)generic idea that the emperor was god or the gods are working through the emperor; youhave to pay religious worship to the emperor or offeringssubmit to the authoritycentral question for christians- are they allowed to do that, etc.Mystery Religions:general questions about the subject, but not specificfrom greekmystes(initiate): known for secret mysteries and ritualsdedication to singular dediesinitiation and purification rituals (represent death and rebirth)emphasize emotional experiencesmembership (in group and outgroup)priests and degrees of membershippersonal devotion to single deityexamples: mithras, isis, dionysus (bacchus)certain elements of christianity
could be wealthier people because of different rituals Early Christian Writings:1.experience and worshipA.experience with jesus, tell people and convince them that jesus is the salvationB.prior to thoughtful reflectionC.worships him but then is confused about it being a monotheistic religious, and thenreflect upon the worship to see if they can worship a single person2.thoughtful reflectionwhat was early christianity like?

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Term
Fall
Professor
NoProfessor
Tags
Christianity, Christology, Trinity, God in Christianity

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