Exam 1 Study Guide- heritage.docx - REL 1350 Exam 1 Study...

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REL 1350 Exam 1 Study Guide 32 multiple choice, 5 short answers out of 9 Backgrounds to Christianity (S&C 12-27) Contributions of the Jews: 1. Scripture a. Torah= law, Nevi’im= prophets, Kethuvim= writings 2. Authoritative and revelatory a. To be believed and acted upon b. “God tells us” 3. Scripture reveals a. God working in history b. God delivering his people c. God making covenants d. Relationship with god through changed life 4. Agreement may have promises/ requirements that both parties agree to fulfill 5. How to have a relationship with god; necessity of changed life 6. Hope for future deliverance; prophecies of messiah, doctrine of two ages, this age and this world will end, and the age to come (the messiah will usher in new age) 7. Statements about the old testament can be made by Christians: a. Earliest Christians were jews b. They kept the scriptures of the jews c. Kept beliefs d. For early Christians, the story told y the old testament plus new testaments told they were authoritative and revelatory Definition of Covenant: an agreement that brings about a relationship of commitment between god and his people Contributions of the Greeks (world-wide culture) 1. World-wide culture through world-wide language a. Greek is the language of the world 2. World-wide culture through founding of cities a. Founded over 70 cities, at least 20 of them named alexander, these cities to be little centers of Greek culture and civilization, they would affect local people and affect nations 3. World-wide culture through careful policy on religion a. Policy on religion was syncretism; alexander’s perspective was all people worship the same gods, they just call them different names, therefor no need for religious or political conflict 4. World-wide culture through cultural institutions a. These were all markers of Greek culture like gymnasiums (central of Greek social life), libraries, theater 5. World-wide culture through love of learning a. Philosophy b. Logic 1
c. Pursuit of truth d. Concern for truth, the good life, the nature of the gods e. Pursuit of intellectual and moral ideas: justice, courage, self-control, moral insight f. Stoicism is very high moral standards Alexander the Great: Intentional policy of Hellenism, result of empire of alexander the great, died at age of 33 Hellenism: spreading and promotion the ideals and culture of ancient Greece; Helle is the Greek word for Greece; purpose of Hellenism provides empire wide unity, production recognition of superiority of Greek culture, didn’t want to just conquer the world but unite and enrich the world Syncretism: deliberate blending on beliefs and practices of different religions Contributions of the Romans: 1. Political stability 2. Roads, bridges, aqueducts 3. Safety on land and sea thanks to presence of troops 4. Excellent empire-wide communication 5. Result is a stable society throughout the empire that works 6. Provide the infrastructure peace, stability, roads, communication Pax Romana : peace in the land Locations on map Theology of the Gospels/Apostolic Theology (S&C 27-29 and 30-34)

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