The May Fourth Movement.docx - Running head MAY FOURTH...

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Running head MAY FOURTH MOVEMENT 1 The May Fourth Movement Name Professor Course Date
MAY FOURTH MOVEMENT 2 Description The May Fourth Movement existed between 1917 and 1921. The movement was formed as an intellectual and sociopolitical revolution and was culminated by the need for national independence and restructuring of the society and the Chinese culture. Upon their motivation by a monthly magazine named as “New Youth,” young intellectuals agitated for reforms in a bid to strengthen the society. Owing in minds that the period was the entire World War I period, the initial experiences were driven by the Versailles Peace Conference whose decision was to relocate the German concessions from Shandong to Japan. The actual of the establishment of the movement’s name was May 4, 1919, where over 3000 students from colleges in Beijing took to the streets to demonstrate against the conference’s decision (Zhongping, 2010). The demonstrations spread across the country, making people across the country to converge for mass meetings, the reconstitution of Nationalist Party, and the birth of Chinese Communist Party. Entirely, the movement aimed at influencing the “New Culture,” liberalism, nationalism, socialism, and anarchism while revoking the traditional Confucian and western ideas of science and democracy (Zhongping, 2010). Although Article 128 of the Treaty of Versailles assigned all the German properties on the Chinese territory with the exemption of the diplomatic issues, transferring of Shandong province to Japanese was taken as a national humiliation by the Chinese. Leaders in China, Zhengxiang and Zhengting, were forced to refuse to sign the new agreements. The agreement was met in Articles 156 to 158 where German renounced her rights and privileges over Kiaochow and Shangung territories, mines, railways, and the submarine cables (Jianling & Momei, 2014).

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