1 John Gerke George Ruppel PS 101 Introduction to Psychology 10/12/18 Midterm Essay Option: B The human brain, as it stands, is more complicated than any known computer today. It stores & manages information, operates the body system, and provides us with the ability to reason abstractly and concretely. The brain however does not accomplish this all on its own, rather, these achievements are governed by the parts or sections of the brain. At the stem of the brain is, of course, the brain stem. The brain stem serves as a necessary regulator to constant streaming of messages between the brain and the rest of the body. This particular part of the brain consists of two important sections: the medulla and pons. Conveyance of sensory information, such as basic bodily processes of heart rate, breathing, and certain reflexes from the spinal cord to the forebrain, is overseen by the third part of the brain stem, the medulla. The pons, in turn, bridges the cerebellum, often known as the lower brain, to the cerebrum while regulating states of wakefulness and sleep. The cerebellum itself regulates balance and coordination and is present in both hemispheres of the brain, one for each side of our bodies. Any injury to just one of these parts of the brain stem can create serious health problems
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