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Running head: HEALTH PROMOTION MODEL 1Critique of Nola Pender’s Health Promotion Model (Fawcett 2005)Jeaneth RangelMaryville University
HEALTH PROMOTION MODEL 2Critique of Nola Pender’s Health Promotion ModelAnalysisOriginThis theory was initially published in the year 1982, and then revised in the years 1996 and 2002. It is mostly used for nursing research, practice, and education. Besides, it is usually directed at improving a sense of well-being for all individuals (Pender, 2011). FocusThe major focus of this model is on the nursing practice. It attempts to touch on all the individuals who are affected by the nursing process. All of them have their holistic needs. Their environment is well-considered, and a healthy relationship is established between the two to ensure that health-promoting behaviors are fostered. Nurses, in particular, benefit from this model in that it helps them to understand factors that promote a healthy behavior. In the long run,an overall sense of well-being is fostered among nurses, patients, and all others involved in the nursing process. ContentThe model usually has eight components that the nurses are expected to evaluate (they are also classified as the major components of nursing). They include behavioral outcome, health, illnesses, environment, person, individualistic experiences and characteristics as well as the behavior-specific cognitions. The major components of the theory classify prior personal factors, such as socio-cultural and psychological factors. Behavior specific cognition contains factors such as the anticipated barriers to action, commitment to the health plan put in place and interpersonal influences, such as with peers, among many other factors. The behavioral outcomes
HEALTH PROMOTION MODEL 3mainly comprise of the desired end-point which is arrived at after making decisions, in preparation for the actions to be taken.