Daniel Notes for my class. .docx - In a 400u2013500-word...

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In a 400–500-word thread, answer the following questions: Why should the question of date and authorship be important to the church? At the practical level, what difference does it make regarding when and by whom the book of Daniel was authored?Daniel’s name means “God is my judge.” 2 Elsewhere in Scripture the prophet is mentioned five times (Ezek 14:14, 20; 28:3; Matt 24:15; Mark 13:14) and is alluded toin Heb 11:33–34. [Miller, Stephen (2011). Daniel. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from .]Authorship and DateThe authorship of Daniel has been the subject of great debate among Old Testament scholars, and there is little middle ground on the issue. One’s view concerning authorship and date is significant because it ultimately determines the interpretation of every aspect of this prophecy. [Miller, Stephen (2011). Daniel. B&H Publishing Group. Retrieved from .]Traditionally it has been held that Daniel wrote the book substantially as it exists today, that the prophecy is historically reliable, and that its predictions are supernatural and accurate. Likely there was some modernization of the language as the work was copied throughout the centuries, but otherwise it originated with the prophet in the sixth century B.C
In modern times many scholars have maintained that the book in its present form was produced by an anonymous Jew during the second century B.C., writing under the pseudonym Daniel, and that it consists of nonhistorical accounts and pseudo prophecies. The purpose of the work was to encourage Jewish believers in their struggle against the tyrant Antiochus IV Epiphanes (175–163 B.C.) during the Maccabean period. 4 This supposition may be called the Maccabean thesis. POSITION IN THE CANON. In the English versions, Daniel appears as the last of four major prophetic books (following the LXX). However, in the Jewish canon Daniel is placed with the Writings rather than the Prophets, suggesting a late date of composition to scholars who consider the books in the Writings to have been producedafter the prophetic canon was closed. 13 Other scholars object that the books in the Writings are not necessarily later than those in the prophetic section. Many of the Psalms and the Proverbs are unquestionably early even though these books are included in the Writings.The most logical explanation for the book’s insertion in the Writings rather than in the prophets is that Daniel wasprimarily an administrator and a governmental official. Strictly speaking, he was not a prophet like Isaiah or Jeremiah who preached in Israel to the Jewish people. Daniel is referred to in Scripture as a prophet in a general sense, like Abraham or Moses (cf. Gen 20:7; Deut 18:15) because he received messages from God and shared
these with the people. 14 [Miller, Stephen (2011). Daniel.

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