POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT AND STRUGGLE FOR INDEPENDENCE IN KENYA.docx - POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT AND STRUGGLE FOR INDEPENDENCE IN KENYA(1919-1963 MARKING

POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT AND STRUGGLE FOR INDEPENDENCE IN KENYA.docx

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POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT AND STRUGGLE FOR INDEPENDENCE INKENYA (1919-1963)MARKING SCHEME1991 Q24The nationalists attended constitutional conferences to present their grievancesAfricans in the legislative council put pressure on Britain to hasten her de-colonization programThe nationalists used the trade unions to popularize the cause of the struggle among workersThey organized strikes and boycottsThey enlisted public sympathy through the pressThey use violence against the colonial administrationThey formed political parties to coordinate the nationalist activities(b)The war experience of the ex-service men made them more of informed in worldaffairs on their retu , they were less inclined to resume subordinate status in the colonial set-up, and thus, they formed the vanguard of the liberations front.The labour government, which came to power in 1945 was more responsive to the demands for self rule in the colonies It created a favourable climate for the nationalist activities in Kenya.The constitutional changes, which were initiated in Kenya by the labour government promoted nationalist activities. For example Lyltleton constitution of 1954, which created a multiracial council of ministers, Lennox Boyd constitution of 195 3 provided for election for Africans to the legislative council for the first time.The United Nations organization (U.N.O) recommended for self-determination for the colonized communities as aright. It also providedA forum for where owners were urged to liberate the colonized peoples.The examples provided by the India's and Ghana's independence in 1947 and 1957 respectively showed African Nationalists in Kenya that independence was achievable and made them more determined in their struggle. The leadership in India and Ghana gave moral and material support to the liberation struggle in Kenya.The Mau Mau movement consolidated the nationalist struggle and brought it intodirect confrontation with the colonial government, thus giving an impetus to the nationalist struggle.Lifting of bans on political parties in 1945, 1955 and 1960 by the colonial government enabled the African nationalists to co-ordinate the nationalists activities in Kenya.The activities of the trade Unions promoted the growth of African nationalist activities especially in urban centers.Education.1992 Q24bThe experience of ex-service men in the Second1©Pyramid Assignments 0722614502/0733494581 All subjects, All topics available
World War exposed the myth of white supremacy and thus Africans rejected theirdomination. They also acquired military training which they used in their struggle for independenceAttainment of independence by India in 1947 gave the nationalist a strong urge to fight for their own liberation.

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