FEB 27 - • But NY law not narrowly tailored to achieve...

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FEB 27 Wednesday, February 27, 2008 4:07 PM The Lochner Era 1905-1937 U.S. Supreme Court overturned around 200 Federal and State  regulations of markets on ground that they violated freedom of contract Court rejects Federal and State Laws that: 1. Put a cap on number of hours one can work (Lochren v. NY, 1905) 2. Prohibit "yellow dog contracts" (Coppage v. KA, 1915) 3. Established a minimum wage (Adkins v. Children's Hosp, 1923) Court's decision based on economic due process 1. Strong protection for economic liberty 2. Economic liberty can be regulated but only in name of "police powers" -  for the "safety, health, morals, and general welfare of the public" 3. Regulations must be narrowly tailored  to achieve their purpose Lochner v. NY      - NY law as health law? Health law advances legit purpose
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Unformatted text preview: • But NY law not narrowly tailored to achieve that purpose • Insistence on narrow tailoring reflects libertarian _________ • Lochner as a labor law? • Labor law's purpose: police terms of labor contracts to ensure fairness/non-exploitation • Objections to labor law 1. Paternalism objection: Workers are not "words of the state" 2. Property objection • Unequal bargaining power constraints worker's choices but constraints are "natural and necessary" • One benefit of unequal bargaining power is employer's ability to pay low wages or require yellow dog contracts. Taking away these benefits is tantamount to theft of property • Premise = Ownership includes right to maximal benefit • Given this premise, even highly _______ arguments are voluntary...
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