JAN 23 - Why Endorse utilitarianism-Consequentialism Moral...

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JAN 23 LS107 Lecture JAN 23 Utilitarianism “Greatest Happiness Principle” In any circumstance, that action should obtain the greatest balance of happiness overall should be attained. e.g. slavery -oppressive burden -blights “slavery is wrong because of the cruel of blight that consumes the soul Treats people as moral equals Bentham’s hedonistic utilitarianism -Utility -Pleasure/pain What is pleasure: Pleasures are interesting perceptions. Mental states that we find pleasing -quantity The majority can’t legislate morality because the minority might not accept that.
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Unformatted text preview: Why Endorse utilitarianism-Consequentialism Moral equality Analytical tractability What about rights and fairness? e.g. trolley e.g. assisted suicide e.g. religious liberty How do util. defend liberty?-they oppose the legal enforcement of morality pg158, “all punishment is mischief….” How do util. defend equality?-“utility monsters” objection How well can Util. defend equality With the distribution of resources and income. Does the distribution probably reward need Diminishing marginal utility...
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