HIS-131 American History 1 Study GuideUnit 1 Chs. 1 “Faith alone”“Golden Empire”95 Theses:an incendiary document that served as a catalyst for the Protestant Reformation. African DiasporaAge of Exploration:Larger sailing ships with cannons and capable of oceanic voyages. More-accurate magnetic compasses, maps, and navigational instruments. AgricultureAlgonquian:New England, to Upper Midwest to New Jersey, Virginia & the Carolinas. Skilled at fishing and hunting. Lived in wigwams or long houses, Moved their villages with the seasons Foraged for wild food. Practiced agriculture. Amerigo Vespucci: a talented merchant turned explorer. Discovered South America was a new continentand called it “the New World”. America named after him.Anasazi:“Ancient Ones” – developed extensive settlements in Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, & Utah. Did not have rigid class structure. Religious leaders and warriors worked as the rest of the people did. Only engaged in warfare in defense. AstrolabeAtlatlAztec Empire:Established in the fourteenth century under the imperialistic Mexica, or Aztecs, in the valley of Mexico. Ruled by a semidivine emperor and divided into two social classes: the nobility/priesthood & the commoners: merchants, craftsman, farmers & slavesBartolome de las CasasBeringiaBurial mounds:a funereal tradition, practiced in the Mississippi and Ohio valleys by the Adena-Hopewell cultures, of erecting massive mounds of earth over graves, often shaped in the designs of serpents and other animals. Cahokia:The largest chiefdom of the Mississippian Indian culture located in present day Illinois and the site of a sophisticated farming settlement that supported up to 15,000 inhabitants. Mysteriously vanishedafter 1400. CalvinistCaravels:ships with multiple sailsChurch of England:also known as the Anglican Church, emerged through a gradual process of integrating Calvinism with English Catholicism. Clovis culture:Clovis peoples were the earliest arrivals in North America. New Mexico. 9500 BCE. “Clovis” stone spear points made hunting large mammals much more efficient - killed tusked woolly mammoths. Lived in small bands of 5-10 peopleColumbian Exchange:The transfer of biological and social elements such as plants, animals, people, diseases, and cultural practices, among Europe, the Americas, and Africa in the wake of Christopher Columbus’s voyages to the New World. Examples: the white potato originated in South America and was brought to Ireland.
Conquistadores:Spanish term for conquerors, applied to Spanish and Portuguese soldiers who conquered lands held by indigenous people in central and southern America as well as the current states of Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, and California.
- Fall '17
- Cliff Tyndall