HIS-131 Unit 2 Study Guide Ch. 4 (1).docx - HIS-131 American History 1 Study Guide Samuel de Champlain \u201cfather of New France\u201d soldier explorer from

HIS-131 Unit 2 Study Guide Ch. 4 (1).docx - HIS-131...

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HIS-131 American History 1 Study Guide Unit 2 Ch. 4 Samuel de Champlain - “father of New France”, soldier explorer from France. The first European to explore and map the Great Lakes, governed New France on behalf of trading companies exploiting the fur trade with the Indians and fishing off the Atlantic Coast. Coureurs des Bois - “runners of the woods”, young trappers and traders who lived with the indigenous peoples, learned their languages, customs, and ways of life. They married Indian women and served as ambassadors of New France. They pushed into the forested regions around the Great Lakes and developed a flourishing fur trade with the Indians. Louis XIV - French King , changed New France into a royal colony, reigned 72 years and 110 days, built the palace of Versailles Seigneuries - large grants of land to lure aristocratic settlers to New France Robert Cavelier - also known as Rene-Robert Cavalier, sieur de La Salle. Organized an expedition that started in Montreal, crossed the Great Lakes, and made it all the way down the Mississippi River to the Gulf of Mexico, he was the first European to do so. Claimed for France the vast Ohio and Mississippi Valleys - all the way to the Rocky Mountains. He names the region Louisiana after King Louis XIV Elected Assemblies - the representatives in the “lower” houses in each colony were chosen by popular vote. The assemblies controlled the budget and they could pass laws and regulations. Salutary Neglect - informal British policy during the first half of the eighteenth century that allowed the American colonies to pursue their economic and political interests in exchange for colonial obedience. . Not strictly enforcing the laws regulating American colonies English Civil War - war between Parliament and the King. Oliver Cromwell - Ruler of England after the English Civil War. Leader of the Parliamentary Army Mercantilism - policy of England and other imperial powers of regulating colonial economies to benefit the mother country. The government controls all economic activities in an effort to strengthen national power. Navigation Acts - (1650-1775) Restrictions passed by Parliament to control colonial trade and bolster the mercantile system. Navigation Act of 1651 required that all goods going to and from the colonies be carried only in English owned ships built in England Dominion of New England - King James II reorganized all the New England Colonies into a single royal super colony Glorious Revolution - (1688) Successful coup, instigated by a group of English aristocrats, that overthrew King James II and instituted William of Orange and Mary, his English wife, to the English throne. It was glorious because it took place with little bloodshed. William III and Mary II - the king’s protestant daughter and her protestant husband (the ruling Dutch prince). Constitutional monarchs - powers limited by parliament and English common law.
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