HIS-131 Unit 3 Study Guide Ch. 6 (1).docx - HIS-131 American History 1 Study Guide Unit 3 Ch 6 Articles of Confederation an agreement among the 13

HIS-131 Unit 3 Study Guide Ch. 6 (1).docx - HIS-131...

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HIS-131 American History 1 Study GuideUnit 3 Ch. 6Articles of Confederation: an agreement among the 13 original states of the United States of America that served as its first constitution. It was approved, after much debate, by the Second Continental Congress on November 15, 1777, and sent to the states for ratification.Unicameral Legislature: the practice of having one legislative or parliamentary chamber. Thus, a unicameral parliament or unicameral legislature is alegislature which consists of one chamber or house.“Continentals”: a form of paper currency used in the United States during the time of the American Revolutionary War, which occurred from 1775 to 1783Republicanism: a representative form of government organization. It is a political ideology centered on citizenship in a state organized as a republic. Historically, it ranges from the rule of a representative minority or oligarchy to popular sovereignty.Thomas Jefferson: an American statesman, diplomat, lawyer, architect, and Founding Father who served as the third president of the United States from 1801 to 1809. Previously, he had servedas the second vice president of the United States from 1797 to 1801.Land Ordinances: provided for the scientific surveying of the territory's lands and for a systematic subdivision of them. Land was to be subdivided according to a rectangular grid system. The basic unit of land grant was the township, which was a square area measuring six miles on each side.Northwest Ordinance:passed by the U.S. government under the Articles of Confederation to create the Northwest Territory out of land gained byGreat Britain. It was important becauseit established the precedent by which new states couldbecome part of the union.Shay’s Rebellion: an armed uprising in Western Massachusetts in opposition to a debt crisis among the citizenry and the state government’s increased efforts to collect taxes both on individuals and their trades; the fight took place mostly in and around Springfield during 1786 and 1787.Constitutional Convention: a gathering for the purpose of writing a new constitution or revising an existing constitution. Members of a constitutional convention (sometimes referred to as "delegates" to a constitutional convention) are often, though not necessarily or entirely, elected by popular vote.Sovereignty: the full right and power of a governingbody over itself, without any interference from outside sources or bodies. In political theory, sovereignty is a substantive term designating supreme authority over some polity.Federalism: the mixed or compound mode of government, combining a general government with regional governments in a single political system.Virginia Plan: a proposal by Virginia delegates for abicameral legislative branch. The plan was drafted by James Madison while he waited for a quorum to assemble at the Constitutional Convention of 1787.
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