HIS-131 Unit 5 Ch. 9 Study Guide.docx - HIS-131 American History 1 Study Guide Unit 5 Ch 9 Nationalism identification with one's own nation and support

HIS-131 Unit 5 Ch. 9 Study Guide.docx - HIS-131 American...

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HIS-131 American History 1 Study Guide Unit 5 Ch. 9 Nationalism: identification with one's own nation and support for its interests, especially to the exclusion or detriment of the interests of other nations. Sectionalism: loyalty to one's own region or section of the country, rather than to the country as a whole James Madison: an American statesman, lawyer, diplomat, philosopher and Founding Father who served as the fourth president of the United States from 1809 to 1817. Economic Nationalism: an ideology that favors state interventionism over other market mechanisms, with policies such as domestic control of the economy, labor, and capital formation, even if this requires the imposition of tariffs and other restrictions Second Bank of the United States: located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, was the second federally authorized Hamiltonian national bank in the United States during its 20-year charter from February 1816 to January 1836. John C. Calhoun: an American statesman from the Democratic party and political theorist from South Carolina who served as the seventh vice president of the United States from 1825 to 1832. Tariff of 1816: also known as the Dallas Tariff, is notable as the first tariff passed by Congress with an explicit function of protecting U.S. manufactured items from overseas competition. Prior to the War of 1812, tariffs had primarily served to raise revenues to operate the national government. Internal Improvements: the term used historically in the United States for public works from the end of the American Revolution through much of the 19th century, mainly for the creation of a transportation infrastructure: roads, turnpikes, canals, harbors and navigation improvements. Cumberland Road: the first major improved highway in the United States built by the federal government. Built between 1811 and 1837, the 620-mile (1,000 km) road connected the Potomac and Ohio Rivers and was a main transport path to the West for thousands of settlers.
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