HIS-131 Unit 2 Study Guide (Ch. 3 ) (1).docx - HIS-131 American History 1 Death Rate \u2013 proportion of deaths per 1,000 of the total population also

HIS-131 Unit 2 Study Guide (Ch. 3 ) (1).docx - HIS-131...

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HIS-131 American History 1 Unit 2 Study Guide (Ch.3 ) Death Rate – proportion of deaths per 1,000 of the total population; also called mortality rate; in the first years of settlement, it was 50% Enclosure Movement – nobles, who traditionally opened their estates to all farmers for common purposes, such as grazing animals, fenced their lands and focused on large scale commercial cash croips and herds, such as sheep. Many landless farmers were displaced, thus many moved to America. Cash crops – large scale, commercial, crops that brought in a lot of money Birth rate – proportion of births per 1,000 of the total population Infant Mortality Rate – most babies were born at home in often unsanitary conditions and harsh weather. Between 25 and 50% of women died from childbirth and almost ¼ of all babies died as infants. Each year, more deaths occurred among young children than any other age group. Domestic Sphere – where women were to stay. They were to obey and serve their husbands, nurture their children, and maintain their households. “True wife” – a phrase coined by John Winthrop. He insisted that a “true wife” would find contentment only “in subjection to her husband’s authority”. Women’s Work – traditional term referring to routine tasks in the house, garden, and fields performed by women; eventually expanded in the colonies to include medicine, shop keeping, upholstering, and the operation of inns and taverns. Act of Union – the merging of Scotland and England in 1707. Called Great Britain. Indentured Servants – servants agreed to work three to seven years in exchange for their “master” paying for their travel to America “Planters” – few large landowners. Owned slaves and plantations. Dominated colonial legislatures, built brick mansions, and bought luxury goods. Staple Crops – profitable market crops, such as cotton, tobacco, and rice, that predominate in a given region Puritans – believed that God created a covenant in which people formed a congregation for workshop. Sought to do the will of God, not to follow the will of
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