Linguistics 55AC Notes - Linguistics 55AC Lecture 1...

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Linguistics 55AC Lecture 1 24/01/2008 16:03:00 Introduction True or False? The official language of the United States of America is English. o False The language of prestige in England (at least in recorded history) has always  been English. o False President George W. Bush is a fluent speaker of English. o True o (photo: queer eye for the Mid-term Elections) “It don’t matter.” is a grammatically correct sentence in English. o it depends on the dialect “He be runnin right now.” is a grammatical sentence in African American  English. o False There are biological differences that predict, on average, that men will speak at  a lower pitch than women (or that women will speak at a higher pitch than  men). o True In the United States, on average, an 8-year old girl speaks at a higher pitch  than an 8-year old boy. o True English has the largest vocabulary of any language in the world. o ?? It very well might due to its heavy borrowing from many languages,  but what’s the point of this question? An adage to guide us ALL AMERICAN LANGUAGES ARE EQUAL BUT SOME AMERICAN  LANGUAGES ARE MORE EQUAL THAN OTHERS Linguistics 55AC: The American Languages
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A sociolinguistic introduction to language use and ideology in the United States Instructors: o Wesley Y. Leonard (Wes) o Shlomy Kattan o Ram ó n Escamilla o Allegra Giovine Waitlist Procedures (14 max. per section) Section Meetings – Start NEXT week o Tuesday, 5-6 (Shlomy) o Wednesday 12-1 (Shlomy) o Wednesday 1-2 (Shlomy) – New Time o Wednesday, 4-5 (Ram ó n) o Wednesday, 5-6 (Ram ó n) – Relatively Open o Thursday, 10-11 (Allegra) o Thursday, 11-12 (Ram ó n) o Thursday, 12-1 (Allegra) – New Time o Thursday, 1-2 (Allegra) …language use in the United States the linguistic history and linguistic diversity of the US o The First Peoples Indigenous Languages o Colonial Spanish, French, English, German, among Others o Recent
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Other European, Asian, African Languages; among others We will look at other languages and language varieties along the way: o American Sign Language (ASL) o Pidgins and Creoles o Constructed languages (conlangs) Major Issues of U.S. Language Policy o Issues of “endangered languages” o Language “maintenance” & Language revitalization/reclamation o The Ebonics controversy o Bilingual education o Official English / English Only – and Immigration …a sociolinguistic introduction Factors that affect language use: o Geography (where people live) o Age o Gender/Sexuality o Social Class and Life Experience o Ethnicity/Immigration History o Political/Social Ideology Some Language Statistics
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