HIST 106 Exam 2 Review - Executive Orders 8802 outlawed...

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Executive Orders - 8802 : outlawed racial segregation in defense industries; before Pearl Harbor (US enters war) - 9066 : Internment of Japanese Americans; After Pearl Harbor Constitutional Amendments - 18th- prohibition in effect - 21st- prohibition repealed (FDR) Presidents - Hoover ® - Inherits Great Depression - “Dry” President; Supports factory owners who want sober workers - “Hoovervilles” - During term: Hawley-Smoot Tariff occurs, Hoover rejects Bonus Army, Faith in the free market to correct the Depression with little government intervention, believed charity and local government solutions would correct the Great Depression. - Government’s reaction to Depression: Public Works projects and Home loan Bank Act to help people who could not afford to pay their home loan- could reschedule payment. - FDR (D) - Elected 4 times - New Deal: a series of programs & public works projects, and financial reforms and regulations created by FDR in response to needs for relief, reform, and recovery from the Great Depression. - Known for: 21st amendment (repealing prohibition), New Deal, Social Securities Act, National Labor Relations (Wagner) Act, stronger executive powers, and fireside chats. - Believer of Keynesian economics- government can act to relieve the economy if it gets too bad - Closed banks for “bank holiday”; FDIC (insurance policy on money in banks up to $2,500); Federal Securities Act (regulation of investment banking industry-
outlaws insider trading-think Andrew Carnegie); Home Owners Loan Act (restructured loans) - Revenue Act of 1935--“soak the rich” tax. - Failed to pass anti-lynching bill and eliminate poll tax because he needed Southern Congressmen to support the New Deal - Truman (D) - Vice president, becomes president when FDR dies - 1948 election when Truman elected; considered one of the most important elections in U.S. history because no one expected him to win; democrats also regained control of Congress - Eisenhower ® - War hero, republican - Ended Korean war Terms - “New Deal Creates a fearful “depression generation” Renews Public confidence Ensures a minimum level of wellbeing (social securities act) Increased regulatory function of government Expanded welfare system Promotes belief “capitalism still works” . - Ku Klux Klan : resurges due to 100% Americanism and fear of anarchists from the Bolshevik revolution/red scare of communism - “Dixiecrats - Southern Democrats; not in favor of expanding civil rights; Support Strom Thurmond not Truman Names - Marion Anderson - Singer, woman of color
- DAR cannot accommodate integrated audience, so she doesn’t get to perform - Eleanor Roosevelt lets her sing at integrated concert outside the Lincoln Memorial - Jeanette Rankin - Only congress member to vote against war with Japan (entry into WWII) - Congresswoman - Pacifist - Frances Perkins - First female cabinet member - Recall activity: Triangle shirtwaist fire activist - Mary McLeod Bethune - Woman of color, educator, friends with Eleanor Roosevelt - Civil Rights Activist; President of the National Council of Negro Women -

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