Chapter 1 Outline AP World - The Mediterranean and Middle...

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The Mediterranean and Middle East, 2000-500 B.C.E.I.The Cosmopolitan Middle East, 1700-1100 B.C.E.A.Western Asia1.1500 B.C.E. Mesopotamia divided in two: Babylonia in South and Assyriain North2.1460 B.C.E. a Kassite ruled Babylon3.City of Ashur had busy trade route across northern plain to Anatolian Plateau4.Hittites had strongest power in Anatolia from 1700-1200 B.C.E. with horse-drawn war chariots5.Hittites developed the way to make tools made of ironB.New Kingdom Egypt1.First foreign rule in Egypt around 1640 B.C.E.2.Hatshepsut, a women, held rule over Egypt3.Akhenaten tried to change the beliefs of Egyptians to different supreme deity4.King Tutankhamun, only royal tomb to not be pillaged, died at young ageC.Commerce and Communication1.Ramesses II fought the Hittites to draw over Syria-Palestine2.Horses were domesticated by nomadic people in Central Asia, brought to Mesopotamia by 2000 B.C.E. and Egypt by 1600 B.C.E.II.The Aegean World, 2000-1100 B.C.E.A.Minoan Crete
1.2000 B.C.E. island of Crete was first to have complex political and social structures2.Cretan pottery is seen around the Mediterranean and Middle East shows vast trade for MinoansB.Mycenaean Greece1.1876, Heinrich Schliemann, discovered circle of graves at Mycenae in southern Greece2.Greeks were influenced by Minoan culture3.Mycenaean people were warlike, acquisitiveC.The Fall of Late Bronze Age Civilizations1.Around 1200 B.C.E. unknown invaders destroyed Hittite capital, Hattusha, Syria2.Period of destruction beginning around 1200 B.C.E. called “dark age”III.The Assyrian Empire, 911-612 B.C.E.A.God and King1.Assyrian kings were chosen by their fatherB.Conquest and Control 1.Assyrian military organization and technology caused them get unprecedented conquests2.Assyrian people had iron weapons, superior military tactics and used terror tactics to discourage rebellion3.Assyrians built the city, Dur Sharrukin, “ Fortress of Sargon” in ten yearsC.Assyrian Society and Culture
1.Majority of Assyrian people worked the land2.Silver was basic medium of exchange3.

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