Long Term Origins and Causes of the Spanish Civil War -...

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Political Historical Military Involvement Political Instability (1820-1931) 1820 Trienio Liberal: Liberals/Spanish Army overthrow absolute monarchy Led by Riego 1821 French forces attempt to return Spain to the old order and restore Spain to an absolute monarchy Treaty of Cordoba signed; Mexico gained independence 1833 King Ferdinand VII dies The Carlists (right-wing) begin their revolt Wanted King Carlos from the Bourbon Dynasty 1833-1869 Isabella II begins her reign - “Reign of Queens” Political unrest, uprising Gov’t mainly controlled by military politicians 1869-1870 Anarchists revolt Monarchy goes into exile Inauguration of King Amadeo I of Spain (1870) 1870-71 Constitutional monarchy comes back First Republic established Franco-German War 1871 First Republic overthrown, back to constitutional monarchy
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Unformatted text preview: ● Army led by King Alfonso XII ○ 1875-1918 ■ Constitutional monarchy allows for democratic elections but the system is corrupt. Power is in the hand of the wealthy oligarchs (caciques). ○ 1921 ■ Rif War ● The army is sent to Spanish Morocco to crush a revolt led by Abd-el-Krim, but they are massacred by Moors. ○ Takes away military confidence → PDR sweeps in, since military is very important ● Battle of Annual ○ 1923-1930 ■ The legitimacy of the monarchy is undermined when General Miguel Primo de Rivera takes control in a bloodless coup and rules for 7 years (dictatorship). ■ San Sebastian forms ● Spain very unstable ○ Consistently ○ Makes folks get radical ;P ● Military important ●...
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