hota cold war vocab - Ravyn Payne 2nd Period HOTA...

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Ravyn Payne 2 nd Period HOTA Vocabulary SS16 - Cold War 1. “Iron Curtain”: This curtain was created from divide between the Eastern and Western halves of Europe. From 1945-50, governments in Moscow and Washington viewed each other as a threat, physically and ideologically. Between the halves of Europe was a blockade, which Winston Churchill described as an iron curtain. (Cold War Chapter 2, pg 26) 2. “Long Telegram”: This was a telegram sent in 1947 by George Kennan, a political advisor in the US embassy in Moscow. This telegram was sent to Truman, and within it, Kennan states the USSR was at was with capitalism, and tended to spread their communist ideas around the world. (Cold War Chapter 2, pg 28) 3. Berlin Airlift: This situation occurred as a result of the blockade in Berlin (1948), which cut off all rail and road access from the West. To find a way around this, the United States would launch Allied aircrafts that would fly supplies into the German capital. American, French, Canadian, and British planes had dropped more than 2 million tons of supplies to West Berlin throughout the blockade. In May of 1949, the blockade was lifted. (Cold War Chapter 2, pg 33) 4. Berlin Wall: This was a wall created in Berlin in August of 1961, and stood until 1989. Khrushchev was frustrated with the predicament in East Berlin; people would travel through/from the country, enter West Berlin, and never returned. This situation was a result of the brain drain, which occurred when people with great abilities/intellectual capacities would go to the West for better opportunities. Khrushchev ordered the construction of the Berlin Wall to stop the brain drain, as he was pushed by the leader of East Berlin to take action. 5. National Security Act 1947: 6. Czech Coup 1948: In February of 1948, communists carried out a coup in Prague. It was bloodless, but nasty; politicians who advocated for democracy were arrested and imprisoned, while communists infiltrated their government. Czech president, Edvard Benes, was ousted and replaced by Klement Gottwald, the leader of the Czech communist party. (“The Cold War Museum.”) 7. “domino theory”: A theory created to address the fear of communism in Southeast Asia and the Western Hemisphere. This idea stated that, if one country in a specific region turned to communism, the others would follow. (textbook pg 387). 8. NATO: Also known as the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, this was an organization created by President Truman in 1949; 12 countries, including the US, participated. The organization had a focus on collective security, so their terms stated that an attack against on of the involved countries was an attack on them all. With this organization, the US could no longer consider itself an isolationist country. (Cold War Chapter 2, 33-34) 9. Warsaw Pact: This was a rival military alliance created in 1955 by the USSR in response to West
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Germany joining NATO. Included 8 of the 9 European countries in the Eastern bloc, notably East Germany. As a result, by the mid-1950s, Europe had been divided into two armed camps. (Cold War Chapter 2, pg 34) 10.
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