Classification and Advantages of Plant Layout.docx - Classification and Advantages of Plant Layout Layouts can be classified into the following five

Classification and Advantages of Plant Layout.docx -...

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Classification and Advantages of Plant Layout Layouts can be classified into the following five categories: 1. Process layout. 2. Product layout 3. Combination layout 4. Fixed position layout 5. Group layout Process Layout Process layout is recommended for batch production. All machines performing similar type of operations are grouped at one location in the process layout e.g., all lathes, milling machines, etc. are grouped in the shop will be clustered in like groups. Thus, in process layout the arrangement of facilities are grouped together according to their functions. A typical process layout is shown in the following figure. The flow paths of material through the facilities from one functional area to another vary from product to product. Usually the paths are long and there will be possibility of backtracking. Process layout is normally used when the production volume is not sufficient to justify a product layout. Typically, job shops employ process layouts due to the variety of products manufactured and their low production volumes.
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Process layout Advantages 1. In process layout machines are better utilized and fewer machines are required. 2. Flexibility of equipment and personnel is possible in process layout. 3. Lower investment on account of comparatively less number of machines and lower cost of general purpose machines. 4. Higher utilization of production facilities. 5. A high degree of flexibility with regards to work distribution to machineries and workers. 6. The diversity of tasks and variety of job makes the job challenging and interesting. 7. Supervisors will become highly knowledgeable about the functions under their department. Limitations 1. Backtracking and long movements may occur in the handling of materials thus, reducing material handling efficiency. 2. Material handling cannot be mechanized which adds to cost. 3. Process time is prolonged which reduce the inventory turnover and increases the in- process inventory.
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