Brady .docx - 1 What was the overall objective of Henry Clay’s “American System” the policy of promoting industry in the U.S by adoption of a high

Brady .docx - 1 What was the overall objective of Henry...

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1. What was the overall objective of Henry Clay’s “American System”? the policy of promoting industry in the U.S. by adoption of a high protective tariff and of developing internal improvements by the federal government 2. The American Colonization Society championed THIS policy: The American Colonization Society (ACS; in full, "The Society for the Colonization of Free People of Color of America"), established in 1816 by Robert Finley of New Jersey, was an attempt to satisfy two groups in America. Ironically, these groups were on opposite ends of the spectrum involving slavery in the early 1800s, as well as the primary vehicle to support the colonization of free African Americans because their presence served as "a perpetual excitement" to the enslaved blacks . All of the early organizers of the Society were slaveowners, who hoped thereby to strengthen the institution of slavery, according to the annual reports of the Society. It helped to found the colony of Liberia in 1821–22 as a place for free-born blacks. Among its supporters were Charles Fenton Mercer, Henry Clay, John Randolph, and Richard Bland Lee 3. According to lecture, how did the Federalists’ demise after 1815 contribute to the coming of the Missouri Crisis? The Era of Good Feelings started in 1815 in the mood of victory that swept the nation at the end of the War of 1812. Exaltation replaced the bitter political divisions between Federalists and Republicans, North and South, and between East Coast cities and settlers on the western frontier. The political bitterness declined because the Federalist Party had largely dissolved after the fiasco of the Hartford Convention in 1814-15. As a party, Federalists were largely extinct. The Democratic-Republican Party was nominally dominant, but was largely inactive at the national level and in most states. 4. According to lecture, the second Missouri Crisis truly tested the nature of American republicanism. Why did it do so? The Civil War began in 1861, but the republican crisis that set the stage for the conflict unfolded in 1850. The Compromise of 1850, a series of legislative bargains over the western territories and slavery, demonstrated that American political leaders could still defuse sectional tensions. What they could not do was resolve deeper social and political problems that simmered under the surface of legislative bargains, congressional balancing, and soaring oratory. Excluding slavery from American politics made it possible for the Democrats and the Whigs -- the two major parties of the antebellum period --to function north and south of the Mason-Dixon line. Although from 1820 to 1846 the parties maintained cross sectional alliances that suppressed sectional ideologies, the events that led to the Compromise of 1850 revealed how fragile those alliances were. To maintain the two party balance, national leaders would have to quarantine the issue of slavery. But national expansion and the rise of militant abolitionism made it increasingly difficult to exclude slavery from national attention.
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