hota chapter 7 notes - Timeline 1945 Act of Chapultepec...

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Timeline: - 1945: - Act of Chapultepec - Guaranteed each nation’s national sovereignty and diplomatic equality - Death of FDR - Truman becomes President - UN created - WWII ends - Gouzenko Affair - 1946: - The “Long Telegram” - George Kennan - “Iron Curtain” Speech - 1947: - Truman Doctrine - Marshall Plan - 1948: - Louis St Laurent becomes Canadian PM - Berlin Blockade - Berlin Airlift - Bogota Conference - Differences in the views of the USA and its southern neighbors, especially in terms of the relationship between economic aid and development and hemispheric defense concerns, became increasingly apparent with this conference. - Creation of the Organization of North American States (OAS) - Superseded Pan-American Union - 1949: - NATO created - British Commonwealth created - 1950: - Korean War begins - 6/25 - North invades south - Threat of communist advancement to another country in ASia.. worried it was a soviet diversion so that the US wouldnt focus on Europe - 1953: - Dwight Eisenhower becomes President - Korean War ends - 1954: - Arbenz overthrown in Guatemala - Geneva agreements (Indochina) made - 1956: - Lester Pearson (Canadian ambassador to UN at this time) suggests idea of
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peacekeeping forces - 1957: - John Diefenbaker becomes Canadian PM - North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) created - 1959: - Castro takes power in Cuba - 1961: - JFK becomes President - Bay of Pigs invasion - The Alliance for Progress is created - 1962: - Cuban Missile Crisis - 1963: - Lester Pearson becomes Canadian PM - JFK assassination - Lyndon Johnson becomes President - 1964: - The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution (US) - 1965: - Pearson speech at Temple University criticizing US involvement in Vietnam - 1968: - Tet Offensive - 1969: - Pierre Trudeau becomes Canadian PM - Richard Nixon becomes US President - 1970: - Salvador Allende becomes Chilean president - 1973: - US military withdrawal from Vietnam - Allende overthrown - Augusto Pinochet becomes Chilean president - 1974: - Nixon resigns - Gerald Ford becomes president - 1975: -
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