Mexican Revolution Terms - Ravyn Payne 2nd Period SS11...

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Ravyn Payne 2nd Period SS11 - Mexican Revolution Revolutionary Plans: 1. Plan de San Luis Potosi 1910 (Nov.): This was a plan created by Francisco Madero in 1910, after he lost the election to Diaz. A few of his main points were: to get Diaz out of office, allow Madero to assume temporary presidency, return to true, fair democracy by any means. (Textbook page 78 and lecture notes) 2. Plan de Ayala 1911 (Nov.): This plan was created by Emiliano Zapata, and was written after Madero took office in 1911, who did not deliver the land reform Zapata desired. Some of its main points were: Have Madero put out of office, to have Orozco replace him as president, and seizure of foreign held land and haciendas, return them to the people. (Textbook page 80 and lecture notes) 3. Plan de Guadalupe 1913 (March): This plan was created by Venustiano Carranza after organizing the northern revolutionary movement against Huerta. In this plan, he talked about getting Huerta out of office and placing himself as interim president, but he never addressed any social/political reforms in it. (Textbook page 82) 4. Plan de Agua Prieta 1920 (April): Created by Alvaro Obregon due to issues that happened during the election of 1920, where he ran against Ignacio Bonillas. Carranza repeatedly tried to sabotage Obregon, so he drafted the plan as a call to arms. He wanted Carranza out of office Terms: 5. caudillo : A caudillo was a military or political leader in Mexico. From 1821-55, there was the Reign of the Caudillos, in which there were at least 50 separate presidencies, in which reigns were unstable in all ways (economically, socially, politically). (Lecture notes on the Mexican Revolution) 6. fueros : During La Reforma (1855-57) in Mexico, there was a push for reformation of fueros . (Lecture notes) 7. Constitution of 1857: After gaining independence from Spain in 1821, the Mexican Constitution of 1824 was declared. Set structure for government and established responsibility, but it did not address enforcement/application of laws. It needed to be revised, so in 1856, a convention of delegates meet, and in 1857, the constitution was complete. It included a bill of rights, as well as anti-clerical laws. This constitution brought hope for greater stability in Mexico. (Textbook page 89, lecture notes) 8. La Reforma 1855-57: This was a period in Mexico in which there was a rising awareness of problems, as well as the selling of the Gadsden Purchase by Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna. There was a push for reforms in 3 areas: fueros, separation of church and state, and
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there is also the creation of the Constitution of 1857. 9. Cinco de Mayo : This is a Mexican holiday that celebrates the defeat of Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian von Hapsburg by Benito Juarez in 1867. 10. guardias rurales : Rural police force in Mexico, that existed from the 1860s-1914. These were federal troops the President Diaz would send out to restore order, especially during work strikes; their fighting with citizens fueled ideas of future revolution. (Textbook page 74) 11. terranos baldios : 12. Cientificos : A group of administrators that advised Diaz during his regime, and operated during the Porfiriato in Mexico (1876-1911). This group of advisors allowed Diaz to
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