James_Mbilinyi.doc - ANALYSIS OF OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY IN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY IN TANZANIA CASE STUDY CONSTRUCTION PROJECT SITES IN DAR ES

James_Mbilinyi.doc - ANALYSIS OF OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND...

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ANALYSIS OF OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY IN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY IN TANZANIA: CASE STUDY CONSTRUCTION PROJECT SITES IN DAR ES SALAAM, KINONDONI DISTRICT JAMES MARK MBILINYI A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTERS IN PROJECT MANAGEMENT OF THE OPEN UNIVERSITY OF TANZANIA 2015
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ii CERTIFICATION The undersigned certifies that he has read and hereby recommends for acceptance by the Open University of Tanzania the dissertation entitled “ Analysis of Occupational Health and Safety in Construction Industry in Tanzania and found it to be in form acceptable for submission. I hereby recommend it be accepted for partial fulfillment of the requirements for Masters degree in Project Management of The Open University of Tanzania Dar es Salaam. ……………………………… Dr. Salum Mohamed Supervisor ………………………….. Date
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iii COPYRIGHT No part of this dissertation may be reproduced, stored in any retrieval system or Transmitted in any form by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without prior written permission of the author or The Open University of Tanzania.
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iv DECLARATION I James Mark Mbilinyi, do hereby declare that this is my own work and that it has not been submitted anywhere for any academic award. Sources of information used here have been duly acknowledged. ……………………………..….. Signed ……………………………………. Date
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v DEDICATION This work is dedicated to my dearly beloved parents, Mr. and Mrs. Mark Mbilinyi, my fiancée Perpetua, my sisters Christina, Margreth, Yuster and my brother Augustino and Erasmo. I also dedicate this work to my late sister Ritha and late fr. Alphonce Mapunda for their moral and spiritual support until I reach this stage.
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vi ABSTRACT Construction practitioners’ world – wide are increasingly becoming aware that they cannot concentrate primarily on the technical aspects of the industry alone and ignoring the workers and others who may be adversely affected by construction activities. In most developing countries, including Tanzania, safety consideration in the construction project delivery is not given a high priority. The current approach is that safety interventions occur in response to specific, often major accidents or injury. The main objective of this research is to scrutinize why road and building construction industries in Tanzania have paid little attention to the issues of health and safety in construction sites. Data was obtained from different literatures and fields. Secondary data collected from different sources including publication on health and safety, academic journals, books, official documents and reports from Government Ministries, Agencies, NGO’s and development partners. Conclusively people pay little attention to the things concerning health and safety issues in construction building sites. The absence of clear national health and safety policy to safeguard all issues regarding the welfare of the construction workers in the country is a challenge. The
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