HIST 124 Week 1-2.docx - HIST 124 Week 1-2 Millenia of Adaptations Scientists believe all humans have common ancestors Aboriginals believe themselves as

HIST 124 Week 1-2.docx - HIST 124 Week 1-2 Millenia of...

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HIST 124 Week 1-2 Millenia of Adaptations - Scientists believe all humans have common ancestors - Aboriginals believe themselves as separates who lived in Americas “since world began” - Change & adaptations always a feature of Aboriginals’ lives - ~13,000 years ago, few Aborginal groups hunting caribou were the only inhabitants due to last Ice Age - Climate grew warmer → began to catch fish in nets and weirs using milling stones, ground nuts, berries and roots with mortars - As food supply became more varied → population expanded - Diet improved when farming was introduced - Shift from wood to bones and antlers in west coast cultural production when bow and arrow introduced - Better food supply and greater material wealth = inequality persisted and intensified - Chief-led corporate households owned resources in areas they dominated
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Unformatted text preview: -Laid claims to honours, songs and dances (entitlements that carved masks and other art forms symbolically reinforced)-Emerged as central figures in systems of trade, marriage, warfare and competition with other corporate households in the region Culture and Society-Spiritual beliefs held centre stage in all early North American societies-No close communion with spirits = little likelihood of living and achieving happiness-Early Native societies unlocked the medicinal uses of plants-Understood movement of the sun and stats that governed their seasonal round-Familiarity with properties of various trees and other natural materials apparent in production of various means of transportation (canoes, snowshoes, toboggans), practical housing, warm clothing, cooking utensils, tools and weapons...
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