Daoism and Confucianism.docx - Daoism and Confucianism...

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Daoism and Confucianism Spirits active in every aspect of human life Shang di the omnipotent power that ruled the earth - Shang dynasty Tian "heaven" (also means supreme ruler of universe who gives good and bad) - Zhou dynasty Ancestor veneration ancestors become spirits who need to be placated Yin Yang opposite but complimentary principles, not good and evil, but waves running in and out of each other - balance or harmony Divination ways/methods of knowing the future history 2000 BCE urban societies formed Formative period - millennium between Chou (Zhou) dynasty (1027-256 BCE) to Han dynasty (205 BCE - 200CE) 220 CE - Daoism flourished and Buddhism introduced from India 256-420 CE - Confucian dominance (Tsin dynasty) 618-907CE - Golden age of Buddhism with the rise of Zen and Pure Land (Tang dynasty) 920-1127 CE - Neo-Confucianism grew (Northern Sung dynasty) Daoist those who advocated individualistic retreat and state's noninterference Confucian cultivation of their own humanity through ritual, disciplined learning, and humility dao
the way The unity that fits all things together Cannot be described in words Confucianism Confucius lived in 551-479 BCE Member of the ru class, or the Mandarin class, the quasi-priesthood Administered and educated society Specialized in the six arts: Ceremonial, Music, Archery, Charioteering, History, Numbers Confucian ideals: Produce excellent individuals Create a harmonious society

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