Logical Fallacies - Hang and Carolina - Chapter 3 ANALYZING...

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Chapter 3 ANALYZING ARGUMENTS FROM READING TO WRITING
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Logical Fallacies By Hang and Carolina
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What’s Logical Fallacies ? A fallacy is an error of reasoning . They are flawed statements that often sound true . Logical fallacies are often used to strengthen an argument , but if the reader detects them the argument can backfire , and damage the writer’s credibility . The concepts are more important than the terms . The word "fallacy" comes from the Latin "fallacia" which means "deception, deceit, trick, artifice," however, a more specific meaning in logic (a logical fallacy)
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I. Fallacies of Relevanc
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Red Herring Occurs when a speaker skips to a new and irrelevant topic in order to avoid the topic of discussion. It sounds relevant but isn’t really on topic. It is common when someone doesn’t like the current topic and wants to detour into something else, something easier and safer to address. Instead of focusing and clarifying it is used to confuse and distract. To go against the red herring, need to clarify our part of the conversation.
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Logical Form Argument A is presented by person 1. Person 2 introduces argument B. Argument A is abandoned.
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Ad Hominem Fallacy ( Abusive ) Ad Hominem is Latin for “against the man.” Instead of advancing good sound reasoning, ad hominems replace
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