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See discussions, stats, and author profiles for this publication at: PARASITES TRANSMITTED TO HUMAN BY INGESTION OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF MEAT, EL-MINIA CITY, EL-MINIA GOVERNORATE, EGYPT Article in Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology · December 2015 DOI: 10.12816/0017935 CITATIONS 11 READS 649 1 author: Some of the authors of this publication are also working on these related projects: Intestinal amebiasis: Does IL-17 play any role? View project Ekhlas Abel-hafeez Minia University 30 PUBLICATIONS 198 CITATIONS SEE PROFILE All content following this page was uploaded by Ekhlas Abel-hafeez on 16 February 2016. The user has requested enhancement of the downloaded file.
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Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology, Vol.45, No.3, December 2015 J. Egypt. Soc. Parasitol. (JESP), 45(3), 2015: 671 - 680 671 PARASITES TRANSMITTED TO HUMAN BY INGESTION OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF MEAT, EL-MINIA CITY, EL-MINIA GOVERNORATE, EGYPT By EKHLAS HAMED ABDEL-HAFEEZ*, AMANY MOHAMED KAMAL, NOHA HAMED ABDELGELIL AND MOHAMED MAHMOUD ABDEL-FATAH Department of Medical Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, El-Minia University, El Minia Governorate, Egypt (*Correspondence:ekhasha @ yahoo.com) Abstract Meat-borne parasites are Sarcocystis species, Toxoplasma gondii , Taenia saginata, Taenia solium and Trichinella spiralis . A total of 300 animals including 100 cattle, 100 goat, and 100 pigs, slaughtered in El-Minia governmental slaughterhouses. From each animal, five samples were taken from different muscles (esophageal, tongue and cardiac) and different organs (liver and brain). Meat samples were examined macroscopic and microscopic (direct, homogenization and H&E staining) for detection of the above-mentioned parasites. Serum samples were subjected to IHA for detection of T. gondii specific antibodies. This study revealed that Sarcocystis species were the highest parasites that could be detected, with overall prevalence of 80%, which was statistically significant (P≤0.001). The digestion method was more sensitive than direct method for detection of Sarcocystis species. On the other hand, T. gondii was only diagnosed by using IHA test as 50.9% serum samples were positive, which was statistically significant (P≤0.004). Besides, 20% of examined cattle were infected by Cysticercus bovis , and 12% of pigs were infected with C. cellulosae , but without statistical significant (P≤0.5). Key words: Meat, Sarcocystis spp., Toxoplasma gondii , Taenia saginata, Taenia solium and Trichinella spiralis. Introduction Ggenerally, food-borne parasitic diseases are under recognized, though becoming mo- re common (Dorny et al , 2009). Meat-borne parasite diseases was Sarcocystis species, Toxoplasma gondii (Cook et al , 2000), Taenia saginata and T. solium (Somers et al , 2007) and Trichinella spiralis (Gottstein et al , 2009). The Sarcocystis species are obligatory intracellular parasites (Dubey et al , 1989). Eating raw or undercooked beef and pork containing viable sarcocysts of S.
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