Intro to Sociology Week 6.docx - Intro to Sociology Week 6 Social Interaction Self-fulfilling Prophecies and stereotypes Self-fulfilling prophecy – an

Intro to Sociology Week 6.docx - Intro to Sociology Week 6...

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Intro to Sociology Week 6 Social Interaction Self-fulfilling Prophecies and stereotypes Self-fulfilling prophecy – an assumption that, once having been made, leads to the predicted event occurring o Stereotypes -> Self-fulfilling prophecy? How do we separate this self- fulfilling prophecy effect from real differences that might describe a category of people? Mark Snyder (1977) creates a study that does just that. Snyder (1977) Tested the impact of physical attractiveness of one person on their perception of them by others and the way others treat them 51 male-female dyads (undergrad students at the U of Minnesota) talked over a telephone with strangers they could not see The men were shown pictures said to be of their female partner before the interaction began Actually, the men were randomly assigned photographs of either a physically attractive or unattractive female Self-fulfilling prophecies Stereotypes – our behavior – other’s behavior Theories of social interaction There are three variants for the interactionist perspective o Symbolic Interaction – emphasizes the meaning of actions and the use of symbols in communication o Dramaturgical perspective – views interaction as analogous to actors in a play o Social exchange theory – emphasizes the valued outcomes of the interaction
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The social construction of reality The social construction of reality – the process by which people define reality, influenced by interactions with others as well as their own life experiences and assumptions Principles: o Social life is guided by status and role, but individuals also shape life o “reality” is not entirely objective, but is shaped by individual action o Need to negotiate in interactions so others see it in the same way o Situations we define as real are real in their consequences (W. I.
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