HP_FP.docx - Running head POLICY ANALYSIS AND RECOMMENDATIONS Feeding Pennsylvania Name Position April 2019 Proposal Prepared For HSE-330 SNHU Spring

HP_FP.docx - Running head POLICY ANALYSIS AND...

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Running head: POLICY ANALYSIS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 1 Feeding Pennsylvania Name, Position April 2019 Proposal Prepared For: HSE-330 SNHU Spring 2019
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POLICY ANALYSIS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 2 Executive Summary: Hunger in the United States is a problem, and not just for citizens. The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) was put into place to ensure people did not go hungry, however, it does not cover undocumented, single and childless men and women, nor does it cover documented immigrants for their first five years of residence. Those who are covered also tend not to seek it out of fear of being detained or deported when collecting benefits. Many foodbanks, including Feeding Pennsylvania, abide by these rules when distributing resources to hungry families. Those who cannot provide documentation are turned away, regardless of how long it has been since they or their families have eaten. I feel this is an inhumane practice and does not uphold the basic ethics of human services. Intended Audience: PA State Senator Robert Casey Jr. PA State Senator Patrick Toomey PA State Representative Matthew Cartwright (District 8, Scranton, PA) Introduction The stage was first set for the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) in in 1933 by the Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA). According to SNAP to Health (2019), “The program, referred to as the Federal Surplus Relief Corporation, was established in the midst of the Great Depression, when prices for crops fell dramatically and farms across America were struggling to deal with the excess supply.” In order to support farmers, the Government bought basic food items at a discounted price to be used in hunger relief agencies at the state and local level. Over the years, it morphed through several different pieces of legislation such as the Food
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POLICY ANALYSIS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 3 Stamps Plan in 1939, The Food Stamp Act of 1964, SNAP-Ed in 1980, and finally SNAP in 2008 under the Farm Bill. Background: Events An example of an economic event setting the stage for this act are the fact that it was originally introduced to mainly help farmers with surplus food, and was a “two birds with one stone” solution to both excess resources and hungry citizens. Socially, the program underwent many changes over the decades, including expansion of the program to more needy people and communities, and became easier to access. For instance, stamps were no longer required to be purchased as of 1977, and in the late 90s, funds became accessible through EBT cards. Also, starting in 1992 with seven states (expanded to all 50 by 2004), the program also conducted nutritional education to help recipients make healthier and more sustainable food choices. Background: Effectiveness These previous existing legislations regarding supplemental nutritional assistance, while somewhat effective, still did not cover several needy groups at the time. Over time, the policies changed to cover more people who had previously been excluded, such as minorities and the elderly.
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