Neuroplasticity_and_Memory.pdf - Neuroplasticity and memory Taxi drivers and jugglers Maguire(2000 The aim of the study was to see whether the brains of

Neuroplasticity_and_Memory.pdf - Neuroplasticity and memory...

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Neuroplasticity and memory Taxi drivers and jugglers Maguire (2000) The aim of the study was to see whether the brains of London taxi drivers would be somehow different as a result of their training and extensive use of spatial memory. The participants for this study were 16 right-handed male London taxi drivers. The taxi drivers were compared with the MRI scans of 50 right-handed males who did not drive taxis. In order to take part in the study, the participants had to have completed the "Knowledge" test and have their license for at least 1.5 years. The controls were taken from an MRI database. The research was a single-blind study - that is, the researcher did not know whether she was looking at the scan of a taxi driver or a control. The data from the MRI was measured using two different techniques: voxel-based morphometry [VBM] and pixel counting. Voxel-based morphology (VBM) was used in this study to measure the density of grey matter in the brain. Pixel counting consists of counting the pixels in order to calculate the area of the hippocampus.
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